How to Measure Steam in the Textile Industry

In the textile industry, steam is a crucial medium with multiple uses and significance. Therefore, accurate measurement of steam is of paramount importance, primarily for the following reasons.

How to Measure Steam in the Textile Industry


  • Stability in Production Processes

The textile industry often requires specific temperature and humidity conditions for production processes, with steam being a key medium for providing these conditions. Ensuring process stability involves maintaining the ideal range of heat and humidity levels during production processes, which requires accurately measuring steam flow.

  • Control of Energy Consumption

Steam is a vital energy source in textile production, but its consumption constitutes a significant portion of the costs. By accurately measuring steam usage, textile enterprises can better control energy consumption, thereby reducing production costs and enhancing competitiveness.

  • Equipment Protection and Maintenance

Excessive or insufficient steam supply can lead to damage to equipment or affect its normal operation. Real-time monitoring and measurement of steam flow allow for the timely detection and correction of issues in steam supply, thereby protecting production equipment and extending its lifespan.

  • Environmental Protection

Efficient use of steam not only reduces production costs but also helps minimize adverse environmental impacts. Accurate measurement of steam usage enables enterprises to better manage and control exhaust emissions and wastewater treatment, thereby reducing environmental pollution.

  • Quality Control

In textile production, the quality and stability of steam have a significant impact on the final product’s quality. Accurate measurement of steam flow and control of steam temperature and pressure ensure the stability of steam quality during the production process, thereby ensuring consistent and reliable product quality.

Steam measurement plays a crucial role in the textile industry, ensuring production process stability and efficiency, reducing costs, protecting equipment and the environment, and ensuring product quality. Therefore, textile enterprises should prioritize steam measurement. Engineers need to select suitable flow meters. In this article, we will discuss the selection and application of vortex flow meters and orifice plates to assist engineers in making informed decisions in the textile industry.

Vortex Flow Meters: Selection and Application

Vortex flow meters are widely used in industrial settings for flow measurement, operating based on the principle of the vortex shedding effect generated by a rotating turbine within a fluid. In the textile industry, vortex flow meters play a crucial role in measuring the accuracy and stability of steam flow. Several key factors need to be considered when selecting and applying vortex flow meters.

Nitrogen vortex gas flowmeter

  • Flow Range

Steam flow rates in the textile industry can vary significantly, necessitating vortex flow meters with a wide range to cover different operating conditions effectively.

  • Temperature and Pressure

Steam temperature and pressure have a significant impact on the performance of vortex flow meters. Therefore, it is essential to choose models capable of withstanding high-temperature and high-pressure environments and ensure correct installation and maintenance according to actual conditions.

  • Accuracy Requirements

Precise measurement of steam flow is vital in the textile industry, necessitating vortex flow meters with high accuracy and stability. Regular calibration and inspection are necessary to ensure optimal performance.

  • Durability and Reliability

Given the continuous nature of textile production, vortex flow meters must exhibit excellent durability and reliability to maintain stable performance over prolonged operation.

Temperature and Pressure Compensation: Vortex flow meters used for steam flow measurement typically feature temperature and pressure compensation to ensure measurement accuracy. For saturated steam, temperature or pressure compensation can be individually chosen, while superheated steam requires simultaneous compensation for temperature and pressure.

Orifice Plates: Selection and Application

primary flow element-Orifice Plate Flow transmitter

Orifice plates are simple and economical flow measurement devices that generate a pressure differential by inserting a plate with a hole into a pipeline, indirectly measuring flow rates. In the textile industry, orifice plates are often used for smaller flow rates or auxiliary measurements. Key considerations for selecting and applying orifice plates include:

  • Flow Range

Orifice plates typically have a narrower measurement range, making them suitable for smaller flow rates. Hence, it’s essential to ensure that the covered flow range aligns with actual requirements.

  • Pressure Loss

Orifice plates can cause significant pressure loss in pipelines, requiring careful consideration of pipeline system design and fluid properties to minimize adverse effects on system performance.

  • Installation and Maintenance

While the installation and maintenance of orifice plates are relatively straightforward compared to vortex flow meters, it’s crucial to ensure correct installation positions, methods, and conduct regular cleaning and inspection to maintain accuracy and stability.

  • Applicable Fluids

Orifice plates are generally suitable for clean fluids. However, when selecting, one must consider fluid properties and treatment requirements for fluids containing solid particles or other impurities that may affect measurement accuracy.

  • Types of Orifice Plates

In addition to considering standard orifice plates, one can explore alternative forms such as nozzle, long nozzle, and annular orifice plates for specific applications, providing tailored solutions to unique requirements.


In the textile industry, selecting the appropriate flow meter is crucial for ensuring the stability and efficiency of the production process. Vortex flow meters and orifice plates are commonly used measurement devices. Vortex flow meters are suitable for a wide range of flow rates, offering high precision and stability, but they require resistance to high-temperature and high-pressure environments. Orifice plates, on the other hand, are suitable for smaller flow rates, offering easy installation but necessitating consideration of pressure loss and fluid properties.

Correctly selecting and applying these devices can ensure process stability, control energy consumption, protect equipment and the environment, and maintain consistent product quality. Vortex flow meters and orifice plates, as commonly used flow measurement devices, have their respective advantages and applicability in different scenarios. Engineers need to comprehensively consider actual needs and environmental conditions when selecting and applying them, ensuring that the chosen equipment meets the requirements of accuracy, stability, and reliability in the production process.

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